Commercial mango Farming like any venture requires patience and time. A newly planted mango tree is expected to produce fruit within a period of 5 years.
The land preparation entails deep ploughing then harrowing and leveling accompanied by a gentle slope for ease of drainage. In dry zones, spacing varies from 10m by 10m but increases to 12m by 12m in areas with abundant rainfall and rich soils because of more vegetative growth.
Mango cultivation in Kenya by region In Kenya, the arid Eastern region leads in producing of all mangoes grown at 61 percent, followed by Rift Valley standing at 30 percent and Coast closely at 28 percent. As the numbers indicate farming of mangoes has become popular with the locals. Regardless of the popularity, only a handful of consumers and potential growers are familiar with the characteristics of the variety of cultivars that are available.
Some of the characteristics that apply in differentiating varieties are the aroma, color, content, fiber, fruit shape, size, sweetness, seed size, taste, and resistance to diseases. Selection of a mango cultivar for production purposes should consider the following criteria: Adaptation to the local conditions ( e.g., rainfall patterns and dry spell) Alternating between flowering and fruiting Intended use and market requirements
Level of tolerance to pest and disease infections Importance of mangoes to the economy Source of income Foreign exchange earner Creates employment Consumed as fruits Nutritional value Mango Tree Botany
Mango is an evergreen plant that is deeply rooted which develops into huge trees mostly on deep soils. The height and shape depend on the type of seedlings and cultivars. The mango tree is known for its long life with some specimens still producing fruit at over 150 years old. The leaves are pale green or red when young, and they mature to dark green and glossy measuring 30cm in length and 13cm width wise. New leaves are formed periodically ranging from two to three times annually.Business Plan and Techniques In Kenya, flowering lasts from late July to early November, depending on the weather conditions.
Common challenges Shortage of grafted planting materials of new and improved higher yielding varieties Use of inferior seedlings by farmers Pests and diseases Marketing challenges Mango grown in Kenya
Kenya mangoes are among the best in the world, making Kenya a leading source of quality juicy and healthy mangoes to the rest of the world markets. Kenyan mangoes are known for many health benefits among them is the fibers from the fruit which assist in digestion. They also contain calories, fats, potassium, and vitamins that help with various metabolic functions of the body. Mango tree farming in Kenya - Potential Profits Mango season starts from October to March considering the several varieties. A mango tree can yield 200 fruits per season. Therefore, a small-scale farmer with 50 trees is able to harvest approximately 10,000 pieces of mangoes in a given season. If the farmer opts to sell his fruits to brokers at a farm gate price of Ksh 3 that translates to Ksh 30,000 per season. Other costs factored in like fruit fly trap will still earn 6.1% of total revenue. Mango farming can be successful if one follows a guide which includes; Planting, irrigation, intercropping, harvesting and yield, post-harvest management, and packaging. Several banks in Kenya offer mango financing schemes to interested farmers, so the future looks bright for the industry.