Agricultural extension is the application of scientific research and knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education. Generally, agricultural extension can be defined as the “delivery of information inputs to farmers
The role of extension services is invaluable in teaching farmers how to improve their productivity.
Extension is also critical to move research from the lab to the field and to ensure a return on investment in research by translating new knowledge into innovative practices. Experts on Food Security and Nutrition argue that “national research and extension systems need full attention and investments from governments and the donor community.
Extension services are classified into 3 types:
Technology transfer – the traditional model of the transfer of advice, knowledge and information in a linear manner.
Advisory – the use by farmers of a cadre of experts as a source of advice in relation to specific problems faced by them.
Facilitation – the aim of this model is to help farmers to define their own problems and develop their own solutions.
Farmers learn about quality ,how to increase animal feed at a farmer field day at makaror farm in wajir county.
Traditional extension systems focus on increasing agricultural productivity, use a top-down approach and often emphasise the transfer of technology. This model for extension, however, is becoming out-dated in the more competitive, market-oriented climate of today’s agriculture.
Alternative models have emerged that recognise other actors than traditional public extension services – including agribusiness companies, NGOs, agro-dealers, producer organisations and farmer to farmer exchanges
Northern agricultural development organization (Nadokenya) with its technical field officers, have voluntary out advisory services to several local and small farmer by involves extension professionals training farmers in demand-driven technologies and encouraging them to serve their communities voluntarily as community extension workers.
After years of neglect and disinvestment, there has been renewed emphasis and new approaches to demand-led extension.
Within the donor community, a revitalised and expanded role for advisory and information services is seen as central to pro-poor agricultural growth. Apart from their conventional role of providing and transferring knowledge in order to increase productivity, new functions include linking smallholder farmers to high value and export markets, promoting environmental outcomes
Don't hesitate to contact Nadokenya in wajir county for community voluntary service toward agribusiness